The Qur'an -The Final Revealed Text from G-d
The Holy Qur'an is a compilation of the verbal revelations given to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) over a period of twenty two years. The Holy Qur'an is the Holy Book or the Scriptures of the Muslims. It lays down for them the law and commandments, codes for their social and moral behavior and contains a comprehensive religious philosophy. The language of the Qur'an is Arabic.
Surahs And Verses
The Holy Quran is divided into 114 Surahs or Chapters and each Chapter consists of individual Ayaat or verses. There are in total 6,348 verses in the Holy Qur'an The Surahs are of varying lengths, some consisting of a few lines while others run for many pages. Surah al Baqarah (Ch. 2) is the longest Chapter comprising 287 verses while Surah al Kauthar( Ch. 108) is the shortest with only four verses including the tasmia.
The text of the Holy Qur'an has remained unchanged over the past 1400 years. The millions of copies of the Qur'an circulating in the world today are all identical down to a single letter. And this is not strange since G-d says in the Holy Qur'an that He Himself will guard this book:
"Surely it is We Who have revealed the Exposition, and surely it is We Who are its guardians" (15:10)
What Does The Holy Qur'an contain To the Muslims, the Qur'an is the Word of G-d and contains complete guidance for mankind. Much of the Qur'an is about G-d, His attributes and man's relationship to Him. But it also contains directives for its followers, historical accounts of certain prophets and peoples, arguments for accepting Muhammad as a genuine Prophet and good news for the believers and warnings for the disbelievers. Broadly speaking, the contents of the Holy Qur'an fall into five main categories:
- Nature of the Spiritual World
- The Law and Commandments
- Historical Accounts
- The Wisdom
- The Prophecies
In order to gain a proper understanding of many verses in the Holy Qur'an, it is important to understand and know the historic context of the revelations. So many revelations in the Holy Qur'an came down to provide guidance to Prophet Muhammad and the fellow Muslims based on what they were confronting at that time.
Calling the Qur'an amazing is not something done only by Muslims, who have an appreciation for the book and who are pleased with it; it has been labeled amazing by non-Muslims as well. In fact, even people who hate Islam very much have still called it amazing. One thing which surprises non-muslims who are examining the book very closely is that the Qur'an does not appear to them to be what they expected.
"Alif, Lam, Meem. This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil). Who believe in the Unseen, and establish worship, and spend of that We have bestowed upon them; And who believe in that which is revealed unto thee (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before thee, and are certain of the Hereafter. These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful. As for the Disbelievers, Whether thou warn them or thou warn them not it is all one for them; they believe not. Allah hath sealed their hearing and their hearts, and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be an awful doom." (Surah Al-Baqarah, Chapter 2)